The Sacred City of Caral represents the origin of Andean culture, and it is the most ancient civilization in the Americas, with historical roots reaching back more than 5,000 years. The Caral complex boasts a variety of structures, most notably the six pyramids with their circular plazas. Based on archaeological findings such as tools and artifacts, it has been established that its inhabitants supported themselves by fishing and farming. Among the more important discoveries is the oldest «quipu» (an instrument used to record data) and 32 flautas (flutes) made from condor and pelican bones.
Watch the video and learn more about Caral, the oldest civilization in the Americas.
Location: At km 184 on Panamericana Norte highway, Barranca Province.
Climate: Sunny, semi-dry
Average temperature: with highs of 27 °C (18 °F) and lows of 19 °C (12 °F).
Season: Year-round. Opening hours are 9:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m., Monday to Sunday.
Access by Land: 184 km from Lima on the Panamericana Norte highway, take the 23-km (14 miles) detour to Caral
Time: 3 hours, 30 minutes by bus.