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Lake Titicaca is the highest navigable lake in the world, with a surface area of 3305 square miles. There are multiple options for visiting the lake, since the Peruvian side of the lake touches the provinces of Puno, San Román, Azángaro, Huancané, Moho, El Collao, Chucuito and Yunguyo, all located in the Puno region.
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The National Park of Manu, a World Cultural Heritage Site, is one of the areas with greatest biodiversity on the planet. It is located in the departments of Cusco (Paucartambo province, Kosñipata district) and Madre de Dios (Manu province, Fitzcarrald and Manu districts), including the entire basin of the River Manu. Located in the south of Peru, in the eastern sector of the Andes mountain range and bordering the Amazon basin, it is the only park in Latin America to cover the full range of environments, from low, tropical jungle to cold, high grassland over 4,000 masl.
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It is located four hours away from Arequipa City. The road to the valley runs across the slopes of the Chachani volcano, the Salinas Aguada Blanca National Reserve and fields where alpacas and viscachas feed on ichu and yareta (shrub-like plants that are also used as fuel). The highest point of the valley is at 4,350 meters (14,271 feet) above sea level.
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One of the most significant archeological sites in Peru, Chan Chan is well worth a visit. In the native Mochica language, its name is Jang-Jang, which means: Sun-Sun. It was the capital of the Chimú kingdom, which stretched along the entire north coast between 1100- 145 AD, before being conquered by the Incas.
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Chavín was one of the most important cultures of the pre-Inca era. Its principal temple, located in the department of Áncash, was one of the main oracles of Peru. It was built in 1400 B.C. but was in decline by the year 500 B.C, during the so-called Formative period. People came to this center to consult the oracle and to make offerings to the gods. The supreme divinity was represented in El Lanzón or Dios Wari, a giant, carved, lance-shaped monolith, almost 4 meters tall, reached by a series of narrow underground passages