Machu Picchu is an Incan city surrounded by temples, terraces and water channels, built on a mountaintop. It was built with huge blocks of stone joined to each other without any mortar. Today it has been designated cultural heritage of humanity in recognition of its political, religious and administrative importance during the age of the Incas.
Machu Picchu means Old Mountain, taking its name from the location of the Incan citadel.
According to historians, the architectural complex was built in the 15th century, approximately, by the Inca Pachacutec.
Its exact location is in the Machu Picchu district, province of Urubamba, 70 miles northeast of the city of Cusco.
Machu Picchu was linked to the entire Inca Empire via the Qhapaq Ñan, the famous roads of the Incas.
Temperature range from a low of 43º F to a high of 70º F.
The citadel is divided into two areas: the agricultural area consisting of the terraces, and the urban section, which served administrative purposes.
The average altitude of the citadel is 8047 feet above sea level.
The mountains of Wayna Picchu and Machu Picchu are perfect for taking panoramic photos of the entire architectural complex.