Categoría: Discover

Lakes, Lagoons, Waterfalls and Rivers

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Lake Titicaca is the highest navigable lake in the world, with a surface area of 3305 square miles. There are multiple options for visiting the lake, since the Peruvian side of the lake touches the provinces of Puno, San Román, Azángaro, Huancané, Moho, El Collao, Chucuito and Yunguyo, all located in the Puno region.

Lake Titicaca is the highest navigable lake in the world, with a surface area of 3305 square miles. There are multiple options for visiting the lake, since the Peruvian side of the lake touches the provinces of Puno, San Román, Azángaro, Huancané, Moho, El Collao, Chucuito and Yunguyo, all located in the Puno region.

The lake boasts wild flora and fauna and is at the center of many cultural traditions of the people who live in the region. The lake’s vast biological diversity includes emblematic species such as the symbol of the conservation movement, the endemic Titicaca grebe (Rollandía microptera), and the kelli (Telmatobius culeus), or giant Titicaca water frog.

The communities that live on the islands of this far reaching lake offer several experience-based tourism activities, providing an excellent opportunity for immersion in the local culture.

The entire length of the Peruvian part of Lake Titicaca was recognized by the Ramsar Convention on January 20th 1997, and it is considered a wetland of international importance, especially as a habitat for water birds.

Of the almost 8559 km2 (3305 square miles) of the lake,
over half of it is in Peruvian territory. The lake itself has been divided into three areas: the Large or Chucuito Lake (with a maximum depth of 283 meters (928 feet)), the Smaller or Wiñaymarca Lake and the Puno bay. The lake has five main tributary rivers: Ramis, Huancané, Coata, Ilave and Suches. The lake’s only discharge occurs through the Desaguadero River (which represents only 9% of the total), while the rest is lost through evaporation. Water temperatures vary between 9 °C (48° F) and 14 °C (57° F).


information: www.peru.travel

Manu National Park

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The National Park of Manu, a World Cultural Heritage Site, is one of the areas with greatest biodiversity on the planet. It is located in the departments of Cusco (Paucartambo province, Kosñipata district) and Madre de Dios (Manu province, Fitzcarrald and Manu districts), including the entire basin of the River Manu. Located in the south of Peru, in the eastern sector of the Andes mountain range and bordering the Amazon basin, it is the only park in Latin America to cover the full range of environments, from low, tropical jungle to cold, high grassland over 4,000 masl.

The National Park of Manu, a World Cultural Heritage Site, is one of the areas with greatest biodiversity on the planet. It is located in the departments of Cusco (Paucartambo province, Kosñipata district) and Madre de Dios (Manu province, Fitzcarrald and Manu districts), including the entire basin of the River Manu. Located in the south of Peru, in the eastern sector of the Andes mountain range and bordering the Amazon basin, it is the only park in Latin America to cover the full range of environments, from low, tropical jungle to cold, high grassland over 4,000 masl.

The park was created on 29 May 1973, covers an area of 1,716,295.22 hectares and is one of the best destinations for nature tourism. The low basin of the River Manu is marked by the exuberance of the Amazon plain. Five zones are recommended for tourism, each with a high diversity of flora and fauna: Salvador, Otorongo, Juárez, Pakitza and Limonal. All offer navigable circuits through the lakes and swamps, where visitors can see seals and black caimans.

One of the main attractions of the park are the clay licks, regularly visited by flocks of macaws as well as other species of fauna, who come here looking for food. The park contains some 221 species of mammal, including the otorongo (jaguar), black panther tapir, collared peccary, deer, capybara, spider monkey, etc. In terms of birds, highlights include the harpy eagle, jabiru, roseate spoonbill, jungle goose and the cock of the rock. Inside the park there is a metal tower 18 meters high and an elevated walkway with a platform that makes it easier to spot birds and to grasp the immensity of the forest from the treetops.

For a spectacular view visitors can climb to the Tres Cruces lookout point and enjoy both the sunset and two contrasting landscapes: the Andes and the rainforest. The best time to go is between May and August when the sky is clear and it is possible to see the sun come up twice during the same dawn, due to a natural phenomenon.

El Manu has one of the most renowned research centers in Amazonia: the biological station of Cocha Cashu. It also has an interpretation center at the guard post of Limonal.

A large part of the park is indigenous territory:
30 peasant communities that live here speak Quechua as their first language and there are various native Amazonian tribes in the region, including the Matsiguenka, Amahuaca, Yine, Amarakaeri, Huashipaire and Nahua people. There are also other indigenous peoples living in voluntary isolation. The cultural wealth of the area is demonstrated by the archaeological sites that have not yet been studied.

Services inside the park: hostels, interpretation center, toilet facilities, park rangers and radio.

Services outside the park: boat/launch hire, police station, medical station.


information: www.peru.travel

Colca Valley and Canyon

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It is located four hours away from Arequipa City. The road to the valley runs across the slopes of the Chachani volcano, the Salinas Aguada Blanca National Reserve and fields where alpacas and viscachas feed on ichu and yareta (shrub-like plants that are also used as fuel). The highest point of the valley is at 4,350 meters (14,271 feet) above sea level.

It is located four hours away from Arequipa City. The road to the valley runs across the slopes of the Chachani volcano, the Salinas Aguada Blanca National Reserve and fields where alpacas and viscachas feed on ichu and yareta (shrub-like plants that are also used as fuel). The highest point of the valley is at 4,350 meters (14,271 feet) above sea level.

The valley hosts the archaeological legacy of ancient inhabitants of the region named the Collagua people, including mysterious cave drawings and caves with containers for cereal storage. It is a perfect spot for camping and hiking.

40 km (25 miles) from Chivay, the first town on the road, there is a natural viewing spot from where tourists can watch the condors flying around the Coropuna and Ampato volcanoes. Also from this spot, tourists can view the canyon area with a depth of 4,160 meters (13,648 feet) at its lowest point, making it the deepest in Peru.

Towns in the valley offer accommodation and traditional
foods as well as beautiful handicrafts such as carpets, embroidered skirts and blouses with colorful designs, embossed tin decorations, candles and carved wood.


information: www.peru.travel

Inca Trail to Machu Picchu

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A 39-kilometre trekking and camping trail. The longest trail starts in Pisacucho (km 82) on the Machu Picchu railway. The trail crosses through different ecosystems, colossal archaeological sites and terrain rich in flora and fauna, before arriving at the Machu Picchu citadel.

A 39-kilometre trekking and camping trail. The longest trail starts in Pisacucho (km 82) on the Machu Picchu railway. The trail crosses through different ecosystems, colossal archaeological sites and terrain rich in flora and fauna, before arriving at the Machu Picchu citadel.

A track leads off from this trail to Salkantay (6,271 masl).
To take part in this excursion, tourists must contact a specialised tourist agency or an official tour guide.


information: www.peru.travel